Diabetes occurs when your blood glucose also called blood sugar, is too high. Blood glucose is the main type of sugar found in your blood and your main source of energy. Glucose comes from the food you eat and is also made in your liver and muscles. Your blood carries glucose to all of your body’s cells to use for energy.
Your pancreas—an organ, located between your stomach and spine, that helps with digestion—releases a hormone it makes, called insulin, into your blood. Insulin helps your blood carry glucose to all your body’s cells. Sometimes your body doesn’t make insulin or the insulin doesn’t work the way it should. Glucose then stays in your blood and doesn’t reach your cells. Your blood glucose levels get too high and can cause diabetes
Type 1 diabetes, once known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes, is a chronic condition in which the body attacks and destroys insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. As a result, the body cannot produce insulin and glucose stays in the blood, where it damages all the organ systems, only about 5-10% of the people living with diabetes are diagnosed with Type 1, The far more common type 2 diabetes which occurs in both children and adults as well is a disorder in which either the body does not produce enough insulin, or the cells ignore the insulin. Similar to type 1 diabetes, type 2 causes a build-up of glucose in the blood which damages the body’s organ systems.
Various factors may contribute to type 1 diabetes, including genetics and exposure to certain viruses. Although type 1 diabetes typically appears during childhood or adolescence, it also can develop in adults.
When a person is diagnosed with Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes they are now subjected to multiple blood sugar checks a day to check their blood glucose levels, in Type 1 diabetes the individual is also now subjected to 24/7 insulin therapy via syringe or insulin pump. The treatment for Type 2 diabetes varies per patient as sometimes diet and exercise may help keep blood sugar levels in range, some people may need to take pills to help regulate blood sugar levels along with diet and exercise, and others may need insulin therapy with dietary changes and exercise, this treatment plan can change for the Type 2 diabetic as well.
The symptoms for Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes are similar and include but are not limited to:
The symptoms for Type 1 diabetes will come on quickly and the person will continue to become sicker and sicker. Type 1 diabetes is often misdiagnosed for the flu. The symptoms for Type 2 diabetes may show up slowly and could go undiagnosed.
Please consult your doctor if you notice any diabetes signs or symptoms
Diabetes is a serious illness that requires daily monitoring and, if left untreated, can lead to many other complications including death.
Despite active research, diabetes has no cure, although it can be managed. With proper treatment, people who have diabetes can expect to live longer, healthier lives than they did in the past.
If you or someone you know has Type 1 Diabetes and they are in the Kansas City metro the Kansas City Type One Diabetes Foundation (www.kansascitytypeone.org) would love to network with you and offer you LOCAL SUPPORT TODAY! If you would like to learn the basics of Type 1 Diabetes we will be offering a Diabetes101 class in July please check out website often for date and time of the class.