Diabetic Eye Disease: Eye Care

Written by Neyal J. Ammary-Risch, MPH, MCHES
Reviewed by Suber S. Huang, MD, MBA

Diabetes is a disease that can cause very serious health problems, but there are several guidelines that you can follow to protect your vision and delay the onset of diabetic eye disease.

Stay on TRACK With Your Eye Health

Research from the National Eye Institute (NEI) at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) has shown that if you have diabetes and maintain good control of your blood sugar, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels, you can slow the development and progression of diabetic eye disease. In addition to having annual comprehensive dilated eye exams, be sure to do the following to keep your health on TRACK:

How to Find an Eye Care Professional
If you are looking for an eye care professional, whether it’s an ophthalmologist or an optometrist, here are ways to find one that best suits your needs.

You can:

For more information about finding an eye care professional, visit https://www.nei.nih.gov/health/findprofessional.

How to Prepare For Eye Care Visit
To get the most out of your visit with your eye care professional, be sure to ask questions about what your diagnosis means, what your treatment options are, and what steps you need to take to make sure you protect your vision. For additional information about  questions you should ask your eye care professional visit https://www.nei.nih.gov/health/talktodoc.

Financial aid for your eye exam
Financial aid is available for eye care. You can find a list of programs at

Medicare also helps pay for comprehensive dilated eye exams for people with diabetes. Learn more at www.nei.nih.gov/Medicare


Infographic image courtesy of the National Eye Institute.

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Diabetic Eye Disease: Overview